Had the same error, but was able to get this working by modifying the game (via the properties on the EXE) to run in compatibility mode for "Windows 98/Me".
To do this, go to the directory where the executable is (usually C:/Program Files (x86)/1C Company/Space Rangers 2 - Reboot/) and right-click the Rangers.exe app, then select 'Properties'. This will open a window that should have a 'Compatibility' tab (the one after 'General')-- click on this tab, then check/tick the box next to "Run this program in compatibility mode for:", and click the drop-down below it to select "Windows 98/Windows Me". Then click OK.
It should now work. Best of luck!
Only managed to make windowed mode work on win10, and it's far from great. :/