I also have this issue. Running on Ubuntu 22.04 with NVIDIA GTX 1650 (driver version 510.73.05).
The command line arguments did not help here.
I tried the Windows version with Wine - it showed all those diagrams (and a lot more) that do not show up on Linux. But unfortunately, the cut scenes are not playing with Wine, so this is not really an alternative.
Would be nice if that could be fixed...
EDIT: setting the video codec to "Unity HD" in the Video Settings (as explained in the "Windows x64 - Problems and Solutions" post in this forum) makes the cut scenes play in Wine - so, this is actually a viable work-around.
Thanks JD - I think Wine would need the media foundation codecs to work by default. The game tries to detect LINUX and use Unity Native, but Wine would detect as Winodws but sans the codec.