Have you tried tweaking any options within the Launcher? Tried playing the game with the DirectX 9 Renderer? Not sure what's going on here as you have all the redistributables and more than likely you have DirectX 11 installed.
Yeah, I tried turning off all settings, tried Windowed, Full Screen, and Windowed Fullscreen on DirectX 9, OpenGL, and DirectX 11. Same message every time.
Also, can you tell me whether you installed the game via Galaxy or the offline installer? And if you've tried via Galaxy, can you uninstall the game and install it via the offline installer, it it's not too much trouble?