Had exactly the same and solved it, due to other people's suggestions. First step: Set your laptop power plan/schedule to either balanced with default settings, or conserving power with default settings. Remove battery and use the laptop only with cable plugged to power source. Enter your graphic's card control panel and FORCE V-SYNC ON! Enter game, select V-SYNC on in there too, select a lower screen resolution and you are good to go!
If this happens on other games too, especially much older ones, or if this keeps getting at you despite doing ALL of the above, then laptop most probably needs an opening, cleaning of air vents, removing of dust and repatching it together. Absolutely seek professional help on that one.